一套“大”數據,看中國養老金的真實狀況


Updated By : March 31, 2020 3:20:50 AM JST

一套“大”數據,看中國養老金的真實狀況

18.1% - 衰老速度

截止到2019年末,中國作為大陸60歲及以上城市人口為25388萬人,占總人口的18.1%,其中,65歲及以上分析人口為17603萬人,占12.6%。

松齡護老集團下的松齡雅苑是位於元朗的豪華老人院,經營定位為老人中風複康院舍,在元朗 老人院中享譽盛名。松齡雅苑擁有超過三萬三千平方呎的面積空間,能提供68個豪華宿位,面積達到五百平方呎,內設置各類活動室,給予老人充足的活動娛樂空間並充分保護老人生活隱私。

在2060年之前,我國老年人口的比例將迅速上升。

資料來源:國家統計局

439萬 - 每年新老齡化人口數量

60歲及以上城市人口數量比上一年可以增加439萬人,比重不斷上升0.25個百分點;65歲及以上分析人口比上一年時間增加945萬人,比重逐漸上升0.64個百分點。

3200萬——老年人口

2019中國老年人80以上超過32萬人歲,占2.3%。預計2030年為年高齡的老人將達到約53萬人,占3.8%; “2050年年高齡,”老人將達到1.3萬人,占10.3%; 174億美元,占2073峰繼續上升至17.1%; 2100至156萬人,占20.8%。

4000萬——失能老人進行數量

我國老年人的整體健康狀況不容樂觀,有1.8億多老年人患有慢性病,其中一種或多種慢性病的比例高達75%,約有4000萬殘疾人和部分殘疾人老年人。

19.6% - 老年撫養比

老年社會撫養比是指人口發展中非勞動能力年齡人口數中老年部分對中國勞動教育年齡人口數之比,用以研究表明每100名勞動人員年齡進行人口要負擔多少名老年人,也稱為老齡人口撫養系數。

松齡護老集團最近推出集團首個認知障礙主題香港安老院舍「松齡樂軒」,作為一所專門針對患有不同程度認知障礙長者而設計的安老院舍,院舍主打透過3種不同的主題空間,配合各種服務及活動如獨有的「銀齡幣計劃」,除提供適切的照顧外,亦冀望幫助長者重拾回憶與自我價值。

據國家統計局數據顯示,2019年,我國養老撫養比為19.6%,比上年16.8%以上增長近3個百分點,增幅11年來最大;2009年,我國養老撫養比僅為11.6%.. 在11年內,我國的養老撫養比增長了8%,並呈現出養老撫養比加速增長的趨勢。

聯合國的標准是超過60歲最多,占總人口的10%,傳統的區域,新的標准是65歲以上老人占人口,也就是7%,被認為進入了“老齡化社會”的區域; 65歲以上的比例超過14%的總人口中,然後進入“老齡化社會”; 20%的比例,然後進入“超老齡社會”。

我國1999年就已進入“老齡化發展社會”,目前企業尚未得到完全可以進入“老齡社會”,但我國人口老齡化速度非常快。

截至2019年底,我國65歲及以上人口占總人口的12.6%,以14%為分界線。 到2019年底,距離“老年社會”僅差1.4%,正式進入“老年社會”的倒計時已經開始..

從老齡化社會的老齡化社會,與法國115年,英國人了47年,德國40年後,而日本只有24年,速度快得驚人。根據聯合國的人口統計數據,中國將成為老齡化社會,很多相同的速度和在日本2024年至二〇二六年年前後。

養老金融服務的幾個“大”數據

34065——全國養老機構數量

養老機構是指為老年人提供機構一起住和護理服務。

2019年4季度中國民政部門統計分析數據進行顯示,截止到2019年四季度,全國31個省、直轄市、自治區人民共有社會養老服務機構34065個。其中,河南省有2527個,江蘇省2415個,四川省2401個,機構人員數量沒有分列全國企業前三位。

由上表可知,省級單位養老機構平均數量為1098.8家..

4291712 - 床在現有的國家養老機構的數量

截止到2019年四季度,全國人民共有社會養老服務機構進行床位4291712張。其中,江蘇省企業共有426520張,山東省共有325442張,浙江省318687張,養老金融機構以及床位資源數量分列全國市場前三位。

由上表可知,各省級單位平均床位數為138442.3張..

松齡護老集團(01989)行政總裁嚴沛基表示,未來15年本港人口老化情況愈來愈明顯,香港安老院將供不應求,又指現時高端安老院選擇不多,未來仍大有市場。

3323966 - 現有的國家社區護理床位數

截止到2019年四季度,全國人民共有農村社區社會養老機構床位數3323966張。其中,浙江省349231張,山東省317240張,江蘇省271734張,社區發展養老服務床位資源數量進行分列中國全國國前三位。

由上表可知,平均每個省級單位有107224.7個社區養老床位..

50% - 全國養老機構入住率

據2020年3月9日民政領域進行疫情防控與基本經濟民生社會保障國家有關發展情況發布會發布的消息,現在我們全國有200多萬老人入住在約4萬個養老院。與現有約429萬張養老服務機構床位數量關系相比,全國農村養老金融機構入住率約為50%左右。

 

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